It’s time again to install the updates for your computer. Why? When? How?
Because, despite the annoyance of checking for and installing patches and updates, it’s still infinitely better than losing your pictures, documents, music and email. And it’s better than being without your computer for however long it takes to remove the infections and make it whole again. And if you learn how to do it, it will be less intimidating and annoying when you do it again next month. How do I know this? Besides reading about it just about every day, almost every computer that comes into my office either infected or messed-up in other ways is missing updates.
Monthly, after the 10th of the month – or when it slows down, or something doesn’t seem right.
1. Check for and install necessary Microsoft updates.
If your computer is configured to automatically check for and install important updates, you may seldom need to do this step. However, almost every month now Microsoft pushes out some update or another that needs to install by shutting down your computer. If you see the shield on the Shutdown button, turn off your computer and allow the updates to install. You may see them finishing the installation the next time you start up the computer. To check for and install Windows updates manually at any time, click Start – Windows Updates. Click Check for Updates on the left, then install all the Important updates. I also install most of the Optional updates.
2. Updates for plugins, add-ons and necessary basic software
We used have to go find the necessary updates for many of these programs on a regular basis, or some would prompt when there was an update available. It was tedious, and the process changed regularly. It was next to impossible to get them all, particularly without installing unrelated third-party software (AKA junk). Now we have Ninite – a program that will go out and check for updates for certain applications, then install them without prompting you to click OK every other minute, and *without* including junkware. If I’ve worked on your computer in the last year or two, you probably have the Ninite installer on your computer. If it hasn’t been updated since October of last year, it needs to be recreated – Java 8 only comes along with the new Ninite installer. Once you have a current Ninite installer, customized to your software, you simply need to run it monthly – best after the 10th of the month.
3. Ninite is great, but it doesn’t cover everything. Flash will need to be updated separately – and to complicate things further, you’ll need two different versions. To update, you can click the pop-up notification when you see it and follow the prompts, taking care not to allow it to install 3rd party software like Norton or McAfee Security Scans or Google Toolbar or the dreaded ASK toolbar. Uncheck the box that offers ANYTHING other than Flash, and it’s always there so be sure to look for it. There are two versions of Flash, and you need to install both. One is for Internet Explorer, and one works with Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome. Or, to install manually, you can go to www.adobe.com with BOTH Internet Explorer and Firefox (not at the same time). Look for the link (currently in the bottom-right of the Adobe home page) to install Flash, and follow the prompts – again being sure to uncheck the box that offers 3rd party software.
4. CCleaner is tricky to update and you can get conned into installing the wrong thing – so if you prefer, just use the version you have installed now. Open it, click Run Cleaner (bottom right corner), then close when done. Do this weekly.
BONUS, NOT OPTIONAL
5. Back up your data. There should be three copies of anything you don’t want to lose; one on your computer, one on an external drive and one in online storage. Check your external drive to be sure the files are current and the automatic backup is working. If you don’t know how, ask. Then log into your online backup service and check to see if the data you want to keep safe is there.
If you’re not sure about some or any of this, let’s talk. I post information about current updates, tips, and malware to watch out for on a regular basis on Facebook. Follow along here: https://www.facebook.com/CathyCom